Area: 860.5 sq. km.
Population: 790.0 thousand habitants (2012).
Capital: Phu Ly City.
Districts: Duy Tien, Kim Bang, Ly Nhan, Thanh Liem, Binh Luc.
Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Tay, Muong, Hoa.
Ngu Dong Son (five grottoes) (Ha Nam Province)
Ha Nam is located on south of Red River Delta, southern gateway of Ha Noi. It shares border with Hung Yen provinces on the north, Hoa Binh Provinceon the west, Nam Dinh and Ninh Binh provinces on the south and south-east.
There are two main rivers: Day and Chau Giang rivers. Most of the land in this area is divided by the dense rivers. Therefore, it has the water area of ponds, lagoons, low fields and rivers which are convenient for aquaculture and water poultry rising.
Ha Nam has tropical climate: rainy season lasts from October to May and dry season lasts from November to April next year. The annual average temperature is 230C.
Coming to Ha Nam, visitors are interested in natural beauty sights like Truc Temple and Ngu Dong Son (five grottoes), Thuy Grotto (Luon cave), Tam Chuc lake, Phuc Long Grotto.
Ha Nam now preserves many typical culture sights: Long Doi Son, Ba Danh pagodas, Lanh Giang, Tran Thuong, Truc temples...
The province is proud of Lieu Doi wrestling, kite, Truc temple festivals, traditional trade villages such as Doi Tam drum, Nha Xa silk handicraft, Thanh Ha embroidery, Ngoc Dong rattan and bamboo villages.
Phu Ly City is 60km from Ha Noi. Road, rail, water transportation are convenient. The province is located on National Highway No.1A.