Area: 3,377.0 sq. km.
Population: 1,676.3 thousand habitants (2012).
Capital: Cao Lanh City.
- City: Sa Dec
- Town: Hong Ngu.
- Districts: Tan Hong, Tam Nong, Thanh Binh, Thap Muoi, Cao Lanh, Lap Vo, Chau Thanh, Lai Vung.
Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Khmer, Ngai, Hoa...
Dong Thap is on the Mekong Delta, one of three Dong Thap Muoi's provinces. It shares its border with Cambodia on the north, Vinh LongProvince and Can Tho City on the south, An Giang Province on the west and Long An, Tien Giang provinces on the east.
Dong Thap has quite developed system of canals for watery transportation and irrigation. The province has about 10,000 hectares of forestland. Cajuput is specific tree of Dong Thap Muoi region. There, the system of fauna and flora are multiform with many valuable kinds: tortoise, turtle, snakes, fishes, shrimps, pythons, storks, birds, rice, lotus, water lily, grass, and alga especially red headed cranes.
Climate: The province has tropical climate, plentiful fresh water in the whole year-round, rich and populous land with verdant fruits trees in all four seasons. There are two obvious seasons: rainy season from May to November; dry season from December to April. Average annual temperature is about 270C. The average annual rainfall is 1,174 -1,518mm.
Tourism and Economy
Every year, Tien and Hau rivers provide alluvial soil for Dong Thap that is convenient to growing food and fruit plant. So this area is the granary ofVietnam. The province has potentiality of short day crops (sugar cane, cotton, tobacco, soil bean, and other fruit plants with the popular names of Cao Lanh mango, Chau Thanh longan, Lai Vung mandarin, Phong Hoa grape fruit.
From January to May every year, when sky is clear, tourist would visit TramChim National Park to observe many cranes. It is crane flock returning after months of emigrating to evade flood. This is also the season for tourists to see, photograph cranes in the dawn and sunset.
Tourists can admire the vast lotus and bonsai in Sa Dec Flower Garden. Aforest of flowers of all colors and aroma are always available here.
Dong Thap has relic of Oc Eo Culture in Go Thap, numerous historic remains and valuable places of scenic beauty like the Tomb of Junior Doctor Nguyen Sinh Sac, Go Thap Site, Xeo Quit Relic, that are being protected, preserved and step by step put on operation for economical and social development of the province.
Cao Lanh City is 162km from Ho Chi Minh City. There are direct buses fromHo Chi Minh City, My Tho, Can Tho, Vinh Long, and Long Xuyen. Sa DecCity is 143km from Ho Chi Minh City, midway between Vinh Long and Long Xuyen.