Traditional Fine Arts

10/06/2016 21:45

Vietnamese Architecture

Vietnamese architecture arises from the Kings Hung dynasty.  Before the 10th century, villages and hamlets appeared in this period according to several tales of Linh Nam. The ancient Vietnamese used wood to build houses to protect themselves from tigers and wolves. Two kinds of houses were...
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10/06/2016 21:44

Traditional Pottery and Ceramics

Pottery has taken form early in Viet Nam. According to ancient document, pottery appears in Viet Nam ten thousand years ago. Following information is general outline of pottery and ceramics appearance through historic development.  Prehistoric Age In prehistoric times, ceramic products were...
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10/06/2016 21:43

Viet Nam Handicrafts

Viet Nam is a country rich in handicraft products, thanks to the hard-working, dexterous, and creative qualities of the Vietnamese people.      For a very long time, handicraft products have been a source of cultural pride and a source of income for the people. As the varieties of...
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10/06/2016 21:42

traditional culture

Viet Nam has 54 ethnic groups, each of which has its own traditional culture. The diversity of the ethnic groups is apparent in the many traditional and cultural Vietnamese treasures. These treasures include the various works of art found throughout the country, including sculpture, ceramic,...
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Markets

15/06/2016 16:25

Highland Market

Markets in highland areas where ethnic minorities reside are not only places of commerce, but also cultural festivals.  People wear their nicest clothes and spend some days at the market. They may play their pan-flutes, dance, sing and meet new friends. Therefore, markets in highland...
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15/06/2016 16:25

Floating Markets

There is a very interesting kind of market in the Mekong River Delta. Thousands of boats gather to form a place of economic activity. Trading activities take place all day, but the most exciting time is in the morning when boats arrive loaded up with agricultural products.  On a cho...
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15/06/2016 16:24

Countryside Market

Many communes in rural Viet Nam feature countryside markets (cho que).  There are two main types of countryside market: the fair and the evening market. Fairs are held periodically. For example, it may be held on days with the numbers three and eight, which would imply fairs on the 3rd, 8th,...
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15/06/2016 16:15

Spring Flower Market and Festival

Spring flower market and festival are specific features of Vietnamese traditional Lunar New Year Festival (Tet). Spring flower market and festival often take place on the last days of lunar year when all families prepare to do shopping and decorate their house to welcome Lunar New...
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Customs and Habits

10/06/2016 21:37

Spring Flower Market and Festival

Spring flower market and festival are specific features of Vietnamese traditional Lunar New Year Festival (Tet). Spring flower market and festival often take place on the last days of lunar year when all families prepare to do shopping and decorate their house to welcome Lunar New...
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10/06/2016 21:37

Tet of Vietnamese

Vietnamese have many festivals in year, of which Lunar New Year Festival (Tet Nguyen dan) is the biggest festival, besides numerous other unique festivals.  Lunar New Year Festival (Tet Nguyen dan) Tet Nguyen dan is the biggest and most sacred festival. Tet falls on a time when the...
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10/06/2016 21:35

Worship of Ancestor Custom

A very popular belief among Vietnamese is the custom of the ancestor cult. In every household, an ancestor altar is installed in the most solemn location.  Vietnamese believe that the soul of a dead person, even if dead for many generations, still rests along with their descendants on earth....
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10/06/2016 21:35

Worship of Hung Kings

The worship of Hung Kings originates from Hung Kings dynasty and had strongly developed for a long time before officially honored in Post Le Dynasty (1428 – 1788). The later dynasties and Vietnamese Government always pay attention and encourage people to maintain the worship of Hung...
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10/06/2016 21:33

Wedding Ceremony

Getting married is an important event in a Vietnamese’s life. The procedure of the ancient wedding ceremony was very complicated. Current wedding ceremony procedures include the following steps: the search for a husband or wife, the proposal, the registration, and finally the...
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Music and Song

10/06/2016 21:25

Nha nhac, Vietnamese Court Music

On November 7, 2003, UNESCO bestowed world heritage status on 28 relics of nations as masterpieces of oral and intangible heritage of humanity. Among the 11 masterpieces of Asia, nha nhac (royal music) represents the first intangible legacy of Viet Nam to have been put on this list.  The...
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10/06/2016 21:24

Ca Tru

Young people now enjoy new music that comes to them from the radio, television, audio and video tapes, as well as compact discs. So, do they still show any attachment to the old folk tunes so loved by their elders, such as the melodies of ca tru? Ca tru is a musical genre that calls for expertise...
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10/06/2016 21:20

Quan Ho

The birth place of quan ho folk songs is Bac Ninh Province. During village festivals, which are held every year, particularly in spring, young men and women gather in the yard of a communal house or pagoda, on a hill or in a rowing boat, and sing quan ho. This is a style of singing where songs...
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10/06/2016 21:19

Cheo or Vietnamese Popular Theatre

Cheo is a form of stage performance that originated in the northern countryside. The word cheo means “lyrics of folk ballads, proverbs”.  Traditionally, cheo was composed orally by anonymous authors. Today's playwrights compose cheo along traditional lines. The characters...
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10/06/2016 21:19

Water Puppets

Vietnamese water puppetry has a long history. An inscription on a stone stele in Doi Pagoda, Duy Tien District, Nam Ha Province, relates a water puppet show staged in the year 1121 to mark a birthday of King Ly Nhan Tong in 4036 words.  Puppets are made of wood and coated with waterproof...
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10/06/2016 21:18

Cai Luong

Cai luong is a kind of folk music that developed in the early 20th century. It was first played by amateurs in the south. Thanks to their soft voices, southerners sing cai luong very romantically.  The performance includes dances, songs, and music; the music originally drew its influences...
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10/06/2016 21:17

Classical Opera or Tuong

Tuong, also called hat boi in the south, is a stage performance that came about during the Ly-Tran dynasties and that became very popular nationwide during the following centuries.  During the Nguyen dynasty, 19th century, tuong occupied a good position in the cultural lives of the...
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10/06/2016 21:16

Then Song

The then song is the religious music of the Tay, Nung minorities. This type of song can be considered a religious performance of Long Poems which depict a journey to the heavens to ask the Jade Emperor to settle trouble for the head of the household.  Long Poems consist of several chapters...
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10/06/2016 21:16

Hat Van

Hat van or hat chau van, a traditional folk art which combines singing and dancing, is a religious form of art used for extolling the merits of beneficent deities or deified national heroes. Its music and poetry are mingled with a variety of rhythms, pauses, tempos, stresses and pitches.  Hat...
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10/06/2016 21:15

Ly Folk Song or Ly Nam Bo

The ly song is one of the special folk songs of the Vietnamese people. It is sung in the northern, central and southern regions of Viet Nam.  These folk songs, however, are much more developed in the South. The various ly songs of the South contain different subject matters, as well...
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Festival Games& Folk Games

10/06/2016 21:31

Spinning Tops (con quay)

In summertime, groups of children often play with tops along Ha Noi’s streets and alleys. Their enthusiasm and happy laughter attract an audience, old and young, and remind older viewers of their younger days. The folk pastime of top spinning still charms city children despite the popularity of...
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10/06/2016 21:30

Kites that make music (dieu sao)

Kite flying is popular throughout the year in Viet Nam but especially so in summer. People of different ages make kites of many shapes, sizes and materials.  Children's kites are often small, simple and covered with paper, while adults' kites may be more complex, cloth-covered, and feature...
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10/06/2016 21:30

Bamboo Jacks (choi chuyen)

This girls' game (chơi chuyen) includes ten thin, well-sharpened, round bamboo sticks and a ball, which traditionally is a fig, a miniature variety of eggplant, a small rock or a clod of clay.  These days, tennis balls are becoming more popular as a substitute. The player tosses the ball into...
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10/06/2016 21:29

The game of squares (O an quan)

Either boys or girls, usually age's seven to ten, play the two-person game of O an quan (literally "Mandarin's Box"). They draw a rectangle on the ground and divide it into ten small squares called "rice fields" or "fish ponds.  "They also draw two additional semi-circular boxes at the two...
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10/06/2016 21:28

The Game of the Dragon-Snake (rong ran)

A large group plays the children's game rong ran (dragon-snake). In One person sits on a small hill or some location above the other players; he or she acts as the doctor. The other children stand in a line, holding each other's belts to form the body of the dragon-snake.  The...
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10/06/2016 21:28

Cat and Mouse Game (meo duoi chuot)

Each game requires between seven and ten people. They stand in a circle, hold hands and raise their hands above their heads. Then they start singing the song.    Please come over here Hand in hand Stand in a large circle The mouse will run through the hole The cat will run after it The...
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10/06/2016 21:27

Throwing a sacred ball through the ring (nem con)

Each ethnic group in Viet Nam has unique ways of celebrating Tet. The Tay people of Cao Bang and Lang Son Provinces have a special Tet game that not only ushers in the spring but also serves as a matchmaker.  According to Tay legend, Pia, an orphan, war poor and lonely. Discouraged with life,...
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10/06/2016 21:13

Releasing pigeons (tha chim)

A long with other traditional festival games, releasing pigeons has attracted numerous participants since the distant past. Some villages including Tam Giang and Hoan Son villages in Bac Ninh Province still maintain the tradition.  Every year, Hoan Son and Tam Giang villagers organise...
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10/06/2016 21:12

Battle of the Chickens (choi ga)

Cock fighting, a long-standing form of popular entertainment, is organised during traditional festivals throughout Viet Nam.  Raising roosters for cockfighting requires heavy investments in time and labour. Professional trainers choose young chickens carefully, individually preparing their...
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10/06/2016 21:12

Human Chess

“Human chess” (co nguoi) is a popular game at village and temple festival. The game follows the general rules of Chinese chess. The concept is recognizably similar to Western chess, but with a different-sized board and different pieces, including cannons and guards, each of them marked with a...
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Traditional Musical Instruments

10/06/2016 21:07

Lithophone or Dan Da

The lithophone is a set of stone slabs of different sizes and shapes fabricated through an elementary technique. These stones are available in the mountainous areas south of Central Viet Nam and east of South Viet Nam.  Examination of the stone slabs found at Binh Da archaeological site in...
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10/06/2016 21:07

Gongs or Cong-Chieng

Gongs are musical instruments made of alloy bronze, sometimes with gold, silver, or black bronze added to their composition. In the Kinh language, the word cong identifies convex gongs and the word chieng refers to the flat ones. Gongs vary in size from 20 to 120cm in diameter. Gongs may be played...
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10/06/2016 21:06

T'rung

T'rung is one of the popular musical instruments closely associated with the spiritual life of the Ba Na, Xo Dang, Gia Rai, E De and other ethnic minority people in the Central Highlands of Viet Nam.  It is made of very short bamboo tubes differing in size, with a notch at one end and a...
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10/06/2016 21:05

Tranh zither

The tranh zither is also called the thap luc cam or sixteen-stringed zither. The tranh zither appeared in Viet Nam in the time of the Tran dynasty (12th-13th centuries).  It has a rectangular sounding box, about 110cm long that tapers about 13cm toward an end, with a warped sound board made...
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10/06/2016 21:05

36 string zither

The 36-string zither is a percussion instrument. It has the shape of an isosceles trapezoid, with a slightly convex sound board made of light, porous, unvarnished wood.  The bridges and sides are made of hardwood. The bottom is flat. There are two staggered lines of 18 bridges on the sound...
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10/06/2016 21:00

Dan Nhi

Dan nhi is a simple instrument that can achieve miracles. A folksong of the north, a lullaby of the centre, or a cai luong aria of the south will lose much of its charm if not accompanied by the dan nhi, a traditional instrument capable of a great variety of expression.  The dan nhi...
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10/06/2016 21:00

Moon-Shaped Lute or Dan Nguyet

According to ancient carvings, the moon-shaped lute appeared in Viet Nam in the 11th century. Intended to be played by men, the lute has maintained a very important position in the musical traditions of the Kinh. Therefore, this instrument is widely used in their folk, court, and academic...
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10/06/2016 20:59

Dan Day

In the past, the dan day was an accompanying instrument used only for one genre of songs, which later divided in two variants known today as hat cua dinh and hat a dao.  The dan day, exclusively played by men, most probably came into being in the 15th century when musical genres were...
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10/06/2016 20:59

K'ni

This term, popular among the Ba Na and the E De, is used to name the single-stringed fiddle played by some ethnic groups in the Truong Son-Tay Nguyen region (Ba Na, Gia Rai, E De, Xo Dang, Pako, and Hre, etc.).  The main part of the instrument consists of a 50 to 70cm long bamboo tube or...
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10/06/2016 20:58

Dan Bau

Dan bau is a musical instrument that touches the heart. The music of dan bau (one-stringed zither) should be solely for the pleasure of its player. Don't listen to it if you are a young...
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Tet Food

10/06/2016 20:35

Tet Food

Banh Chung and banh Tet (Boiled rice and pork cakes) Boiled rice and pork cakes are usually cooked 2-3 days before Tet. Both can be kept for about two weeks in cool temperature. However, after this time they become hard and must be re-boiled. Soak some green beans overnight in water to soften....
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Special food in Viet Nam

10/06/2016 20:29

Special food in Viet Nam

Nem ran (Spring roll)                       Nem ran (called cha gio in the south) is a much-appreciated speciality, although it is very easy to prepare. Since long ago, nem ran has been a familiar dish on the menu...
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Special food in the North

10/06/2016 20:28

Special food in the North

 Pho (Rice noodle soup) Pho, a typical dish of Ha Noi people, has been existing for a long-time. Pho is prepared not only in a sophisticated manner but also in the technique which is required to have sweet but pure bouillon, soft but not crashed noodle, soft and sweet-smelling...
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Special food in the Centre

10/06/2016 20:27

Special food in the Centre

 Banh beo xu Hue (Hue bloating fren-shaped cake) Banh beo is a specialty and indispensable in Hue City. Banh beo is delicious with its core stuffed with small shrimps and sauce made from a mixture of fish sauce, sugar, garlic, chilly and fresh small...
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Special food in the South

10/06/2016 20:24

Special food in the South

Xoi chien phong (Bloating fried sticky rice) A round plate of Xoi chien phong, placed next to a plate of buttery roasted chicken, is always attractive to anyone. A lump of sticky rice will become a plate of Xoi chien phong as big as a grape-fruit by talent chefs. In the...
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Culture

10/06/2016 20:21

Flowers

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10/06/2016 20:20

Chrysanthemum (Hoa Cuc)

The chrysanthemum is a type of beautiful flower with a mild and secretive scent. Its petals do not fall like those of roses or other flowers, which is why chrysanthemums are often placed on altars.  They can be displayed in various ways, such as in a vase, a pot, a bowl, or planted in jars to...
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10/06/2016 20:20

Tuberose (Hoa Hue)

uberoses belong to the daffodil species. They are short and grow thin flowers.    Tuberose plants absorb a lot of sunlight, but can still grow in the winter when most other species become scarce. Their blossoms are pure white and emanate a sweet fragrance at night. They are often used in...
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10/06/2016 20:18

Peach Flower (Hoa Dao)

The peach flower plant grows only in North Viet Nam. It is the special flower of the Vietnamese New Year because of its red colour, which is believed to bring many favourable opportunities throughout the year.  There are four varieties of peach flowers. The dao bich has a deep rosy colour and...
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10/06/2016 20:18

Orchid (Hoa Lan)

Orchid is sovereign flowers that are enchantingly beautiful. Orchids usually grow on the trunks of very high, big trees, located on cliffs where it is humid and where sunlight is abundant.  There are two groups of orchids, including aerial orchids (phong lan) and terrestrial orchids (dia...
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10/06/2016 20:17

Lotus (Hoa Sen)

Lotus is a soft plant living mainly in water. This pink or white flower belongs to a species of plant called hollyhock. Another species of lotus with a very small trunk, leaves, and flowers is named little lotus. It can be planted in a vase of water or in an ornamental pond.  Lotus flowers...
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10/06/2016 20:17

Yellow Apricot Flower (Hoa Mai)

f the peach flower is the symbol of Tet in the north, then the yellow apricot flower is its counterpart in the South. The yellow apricot flower belongs to the family of hoang mai (meaning “yellow apricot” in Chinese), which is a forest plant.  The trunk and sprigs of the yellow apricot flower...
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10/06/2016 20:16

Water Lily (Hoa Sung)

Water lilies, which often grow wild in ponds and lakes, are classified into two species: lotus water lilies, planted in lakes around pagodas and imperial palaces; and wild water lilies, found in ponds, with a white or violet flower.    In the south, the stem of lotus water lily is used...
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10/06/2016 20:10

Vietnamese Fruits

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10/06/2016 20:09

Rambutan (chom chom)

A rambutan tree has broad foliage and many branches. In the southern provinces, the tree yields fruit at the beginning of the rainy season. The rambutan season lasts until the end of the rainy season (from May to October).    The skin of this fruit is tough, thick and hairy. Its meat is...
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10/06/2016 20:09

Pomelo (Buoi)

In Viet Nam, there are many tasty varieties of pomelo. Ordinarily, the pomelo is named for the locality where it is grown. For example, in the North, there is the Doan Hung pomelo (Phu Tho Province), in the Central there is the Phuc Trach pomelo (Ha Tinh Province), and in the South there is the Tan...
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10/06/2016 20:08

Banana (Chuoi)

Bananas offer various mineral substances and energy. Bananas are not only a delicious fruit when ripe, but green bananas are also part of some dishes.    Banana flower is mixed in delicious salads. Banana tree trunks, when young, can be eaten as a vegetable, and banana tree roots can be...
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10/06/2016 20:07

Pineapple (Dua)

Pineapple plants are widely grown in the country. The peak ripening time for this tropical fruit coincides with summer when the hours of sunshine are longer. People in southern Viet Nam usually call this tropical fruit trai thom (fragrant fruit), which is literally a precise quote for the fruit...
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10/06/2016 20:03

Longan (Nhan)

The longan grows in many provinces in the North. The longan is no bigger than a ping-pong ball with brownish peel. The peel only has to be slightly removed to reach the whitish pulp, enclosing the glistening black kernel.  There are many varieties of longans. The most renowned variety of...
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10/06/2016 20:03

Papaya (Du du)

Papaya is sold all year round, especially in the south, and is not very expensive. It has a sweet smell and offers various minerals and vitamins, such as vitamin A and C.  In the south, one of the popular varieties of papaya is the one with red, thick pulp that has a fragrance but that does...
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